|Capital: Nakhon Si Thammarat
Area: 9,942.5 km2
Density: 153 /km2
|Town and Districts|
|Nakhon Si Thammarat, Phrom Khiri, Lan Saka, Chawang, Phipun, Chian Yai, Cha-uat, Tha Sala, Thung Song, Na Bon, Thung Yai, Pak Phanang, Ron Phibun, Sichon, Khanom, Hua Sai, Bang Khan, Tham Phannara, Chulabhorn, Phra Phrom, Chaloem Phra Kiat, Nopphitam, Chang Klang |
|General Information |
|Nakhon Si Thammarat (often in short Nakhon) is one of the southern provinces of Thailand, at the eastern shore of the Gulf of Thailand. The neighboring provinces are Songkhla, Phatthalung, Trang, Krabi and Surat Thani.|
The name of the province derives from its Pali-Sanskrit name Nagara Sri Dhammaraja (City of the Sacred Dharma King), which in Thai pronunciation becames Nakhon Si Thammarat.
The province is located on the shore of the Gulf of Thailand on the east side of the Malay Peninsula. The terrain is mostly rugged hilly forest area. It contains the highest elevation of southern Thailand, the Khao Luang with 1,835 m, now protected in the Khao Luang national park.
The area around Nakhon Si Thammarat was part (according to some scholars [attribution needed] even the centre) of the Srivijaya kingdom from the 3rd century until king Ramkhamhaeng of Sukhothai occupied it and added it to his kingdom. With the fall of Sukhothai it fell it its successor, the Ayutthaya kingdom. Nakhon became a province in 1932.