Capital: Pattani Location: Southern Area: 1,940.4 km2
Population: 595,985 Density: 307/km2
Town and Districts
Pattani, Khok Pho, Nong Chik, Panare, Mayo, Thung Yang Daeng, Sai Buri, Mai Kaen, Yaring, Yarang, Mae Lan, Kapho
Pattani is located on the east of the Gulf of Thailand. Pattani is a small Province among the five so-called Southern Border Province. Blessed with irresistible charms. It is rich in historical significance worth studying. Including impressive customs and traditions. as well as natural scenic beauty of its streams and falls.170 kms. long golden beaches along the gulf and wonderful hospitality of the Pattani people. All of which combine to draw thousands of visitors to the province annually Because of its location on the coast with two major rivers running through it. The Pattani and the Saiburi River. Most of the local people not surprisingly are engaged in agriculture and fishery . The Province boasts docking facilities for both large and small vessels. It is also in an industrial Zone to Produce seafood of and now being developed into a center for the production of Muslim food for domestic consumption and export under the Halal specifications.
History Historically, Pattani was the centre of the semi-independent Malay Pattani kingdom, but paying tribute to the Thai kingdoms of Sukhothai and Ayutthaya. After Ayutthaya fell in 1767 Pattani gained full independence, but under King Rama I it again came under Siam's control. In 1909, it was annexed by Siam as part of Anglo-Siamese Treaty of 1909 negotiated with the British Empire. Both Yala and Narathiwat were originally part of Pattani, but were split off and became provinces of their own. There exists a separatist movement in Pattani, which after being dormant for many years erupted again in 2004. Grievances cited include long-standing prejudice and discrimination against Pattani Muslims by Thai Buddhists, including forcible repression of local language and script, as well as religious practices. As such, the revolutionary movement has increasingly taken on Islamic overtones, but remains largely isolated from global Islamic militancy, with the exception of proposed cooperative ties with neighboring Malays.