Area: 20,107.0 km2
|Town and Districts|
|Chiang Mai ,Chom Thong, Mae Chaem ,Chiang Dao, Doi Saket ,Mae Taeng,Mae Rim ,Samoeng ,Fang ,Mae Ai ,Phrao , San Pa Tong ,San Kamphaeng ,San Sai, Hang Dong ,Hot ,Doi Tao, Omkoi ,Saraphi ,Wiang Haeng ,Chai Prakan,Mae Wang , Mae On |
|General Information |
|Chiang Mai is the second-biggest province of Thailand, located in the north of the country. Neighboring provinces are Chiang Rai, Lampang, Lamphun, Tak and Mae Hong Son. In the north it borders Shan State of Myanmar.|
Chiang Mai is located in the north of Thailand, about 720 kilometers from Bangkok at an elevation of 1,027 feet (310 meters) above sea level. To the North it borders Myanmar�s Shan State while to the South it connects with Sam Ngao district of Tak province. Chiang Rai, Lamphun and Lampang lie to the East, and the West touches Pai, Khun Yuam and Mae Sareang districts of Mae Hong Sorn province.
Chiang Mai�s geography comprises mainly groves and mountains with a broad plain in the middle of the region on both sides of Ping River. This river , one of the major tributaries of the Chao Phraya River, originates in the Chiang Dao mountains. The highest mountain of Thailand, the 2,575 meter high Doi Inthanon, is located in the district. Several national parks are in the district: Doi Inthanon, Doi Suthep-Pui, Mae Ping, Sri Lanna, Huay Nam Dang, Mae Phang, Chiang Dao.
The province covers an area of 20,107.057 square kilometers (12,566,910 ), made up of 8,787,656 (69.92%) of forest, 1,611,283 (12.82%) of agricultural land and 2,167,971 (17.25%) of residential and other land.
Chiang Mai, known as Nophaburi Sri Nakhon Ping or Viang Ping Chiang Mai (Rose of the North) in ancient chronicles, was founded as the capital of the Lan Na Thai (Kingdom of a Million Ricefields) by King Mengrai in 1296 A.D. The city you see today, which celebrated its 700th anniversary in 1996, has evolved over many centuries. It is now the second most important city in the country after Bangkok and the main city in the northern region. It is a city of ancient arts and crafts continuing the proud tradition of Lan Na Thai.